A Recent Study published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) has found that individuals with schizophrenia who are pregnant or postpartum are at a higher risk of experiencing interpersonal violence. These individuals are also more likely to subsequently visit the emergency department (ED).
What Is Interpersonal Violence?.. Interpersonal violence includes physical, sexual, and psychological abuse by various individuals, such as family members, intimate partners, acquaintances, or strangers.
Research Details!.. The study analyzed data from over 1.8 million pregnant individuals between the ages of 15-49, 4,470 of whom had been diagnosed with schizophrenia. The results showed that 3.1% of people with schizophrenia had ED visits for interpersonal violence during pregnancy and the first year postpartum, compared to 0.4% of those without schizophrenia.
Although pregnant individuals with schizophrenia were equally likely to be screened for interpersonal violence, they were more likely to self-report it.
Findings!.. The study's findings indicate a higher risk of interpersonal violence for individuals with schizophrenia. However, it is also important to note that the majority of pregnant individuals, both with and without schizophrenia, are screened for interpersonal violence during their pregnancy. This suggests that healthcare providers have numerous opportunities to intervene and prevent harm to these patients and their children.
In Other Words, the study implies that routine violence screening during antenatal care can provide an important opportunity for intervention to prevent severe physical, psychological, and social harm to these patients and their children.
Economic Factor!.. It is worth noting that individuals with schizophrenia were more likely to reside in lower-income neighborhoods, have other psychiatric and chronic medical conditions, and have had an ED visit for interpersonal violence in the two years prior to their pregnancy.
All in All!.. The findings emphasize the need for healthcare providers to screen for interpersonal violence among high-risk patients, particularly those with mental health conditions. By identifying at-risk patients and providing appropriate support and interventions, healthcare providers can work towards reducing the incidence of interpersonal violence during pregnancy and the postpartum period.
In Conclusion, the study underscores the increased risk of interpersonal violence for pregnant and postpartum individuals with schizophrenia. It also highlights the importance of routine screening for interpersonal violence during antenatal care and the need for healthcare providers to intervene and provide support for at-risk patients. By addressing the issue of interpersonal violence during pregnancy and postpartum, healthcare providers can work towards ensuring the safety and well-being of their patients and their children.